Teaching ESL to Kindergarten Using Shadow Puppets
Teaching English to kindergarten children is now the fastest growing job type in China. What's more, for me, it's also the age where I personally get the most job satisfaction. If you are a creative person, who enjoys making things, painting things, inventing songs and getting your hands mucky; basically, the child who never grew up yourself, then teaching ESL to kindergarten children in China is a line of TEFL teaching which you should seriously consider.
As a kindergarten teacher, you should always be on the hunt for new ways to engage with your kindergarten kids. One problem with teaching kindergarten kids in China is that you will find that the kids will have had very little access to the type of education that western kids get in kindergarten, where the emphasis is learning and interacting about the world around them through play, craft, songs, touching things and using their full range of senses in their learning journey. This is where you, as a kindergarten teacher in China, can have the most impact on young lives and child education by bringing western teaching methods into the Chinese kindergarten classroom. One fantastic way of bringing a story to life is through making shadow puppets to tell the story you are using through shadow puppetry.
Using Shadow Puppets to Teach ESL to Kindergarten
Using Shadow Puppets to Teach ESL to Kindergarten

This idea was recommended to me by David Parkin, who is a British teacher living and working in Beijing. He works at a kindergarten in Beijing and used shadow puppets to teach his kindergarten class recently.
David used a book called Dear Zoo by Rod Campbell. The book is about different animals going to the zoo but not being suitable for one reason or another, too heavy, too tall, too fierce, too small, etc. So the book has some fantastic language for the kindergarten kids to learn, but actually any English book suitable for kindergarten work work well. David made the shadow puppets to teach ESL to his kindergarten class using card, chopsticks and sticky tape. A simple large piece of cloth was used to cast shadows from the shadow puppets onto for the kindergarten class.

Using Shadow Puppets to Teach ESL to Kindergarten kids
You can make shadow puppets to teach ESL to kindergarten kids using any good simple story really, whether the target language is animals, family, food, shapes, whatever. Just cut out your card, stick the shape onto a chopstick and you've got your shadow puppet!

Pre-teach the kindergarten class using your shadow puppets
Making your shadow puppets to teach English to your class is very easy. Simply find some good images online, print them onto card, cut them out and stick them onto chopsticks...you've now got some awesome shadow puppets to teach with!

Using shadow puppets to teach kindergarten

Before you start, be sure to pre-teach the main language from the story with your kindergarten students. You can use your shadow puppets to do this.

Making Shadow Puppet props for teaching
Also remember to make shadow puppet props to help tell the story to your kindergarten children. This will help them to understand what is happening and remember more of the target language from the story.

Using Shadow Puppets to Teach ESL to Kindergarten
Plod..plod..plod..went the elephant. Bring English stories to life using shadow puppets with your kindergarten classes.

Use animal sounds when reading stories to kindergarten
And don't forget to make all those wonderful sounds and animal noises when recreating the story for your kindergarten kids.

Using Shadow Puppets to Tell Stories to kindergarten kids
Give your kindergarten kids a massive treat by telling English stories to them using shadow puppets.

Getting Prepared to Tell Stories to Kindergarten Kids Using Shadow Puppets

As any good teacher will know, you just can't hang up a sheet of cloth and start reading your story using your shadow puppets - your kids will have no idea what is going on. You need to prep them and pre-teach the key language for the story.

There are many ways to pre-teach the vocab you need before using your shadow puppets to teach ESL to your kindergarten kids, but here are the steps which David used in his classes in Beijing:

First introduced the animals in the book by making hand gestures / noises and had the kids guess what the animal was. The vocabulary was then reinforced through a speed guessing and performing the animals game.

The puppets were held up behind the cloth to make the silhouette and the kids were asked 'what's this?' for each of the puppets.
The kids then come up one by one and are given a puppet and have to ask the others 'what's this?'
The kindergarten kids are then taught the key adjectives using hand gestures and a song.
We played a game where the animals were sorted into different containers and this was turned into a race.
Students, with the teacher, made full sentences such as 'the giraffe is too tall', 'the elephant is too heavy', the 'tiger is too fierce'.
We sat in a circle and the teacher read the book to the kids showing the pictures in the book. Everyone could now understand the story.
The teacher did the full story again, this time using the shadow puppets on sticks behind the cloth to tell the story using shadows.

by Stuart Allen
Heads, Shoulders, Knees and Toes is a staple classic song and body movement routine to learn the parts of the body. We sang Heads, Shoulders, Knees and Toes ourselves at kindergarten when we were small (never knowing we'd grow up as English teachers one day!) and now we use Head, Shoulders, Knees and Toes when we teach young ones ourselves now. 

Free Printable Dominoes and Flashcards

I've made some Head, Shoulders, Knees and Toes dominoes, which you can download and print below. Simply cut out the dominoes and and then deal them out to your students. They put down dominoes in turn, connecting body part to body part. The first student to run out of dominoes is the winner. 

There aren't any words on these Heads, Shoulders, Knees and Toes dominoes because I created them for very young children who can't read yet. If you are teaching Parts of the Body to very young children, then these are ideal. I found that all the other Heads, Shoulders, Knees and Toes dominoes online had to match the part with the word, but this is useless with very young children. 

In the download are also heads, Shoulders, Knees and Toes flashcards which you can use first to pre-teach the vocabulary. Full instructions are also in the free Heads, Shoulders, Knees and Toes pack.
Tuesday, 09 February 2016 11:47

The TEFL Lemon 'Juicy Warmers' Pack

Are you looking for TEFL warmers and ESL games for your English classes? You've come to the right page! Scroll to the bottom to download the free Juicy TEFL Warmers PDF Pack!

What is The Big Juicy Warmers Pack?

The TEFL Lemon Big Juicy Warmers Pack is a massive Warmers and Games PDF, crammed-full of TEFL warmers, TEFL games, ESL activities, English speaking activities, TEFL roleplays and more English games than you can shake a stick at!

This free PDF is pack is 100% TESL teaching GOLD!!!!

Whenever you teach English classes, you should always consider starting off your class with a fun warmer to raise those energy levels in your students and to help them relax and get ready for your classes.

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Download the TEFL Lemon Big Juicy Warmers pack below and Like our TEFL Lemon Facebook Page here. We have fresh TEFL games and warmers daily.
Po is an overweight panda, who works in his uncle's noodle shop in China. He is a martial arts fanatic and dreams of one day leaving his boring job in the restaurant and becoming a Kung Fu master! He eventually leaves his job selling noodles and goes to a mystic temple, high in the Chinese mountains to study Kung Fu with the grand master.

Up high in the mountains is a mystic scroll, and legend has it, that whoever has the scroll and reads its contents, will be endowed with supreme knowledge!

Kung Fu Panda is fantastic for children and in this ESL craft activity for writing, your students will be making their own aunthentic-looking ancient scroll (with real ancient-looking paper!) and writing their own 'mystic message' inside. This Kung Fu Panda craft activity lends a perfect platform for your students to do some creative writing and then can give their scroll to their parents after; perfect for English school activities.

Want to instantly download Kung Fu Panda movie file for this craft activity? Click here - you'll be helping this website to keep going.

For the English Teacher

Aims: Students have to make their own mystic Dragon Scroll with their own poem to show and display
A large bowl of strong tea (cold)
A4 paper (one per scroll)
Lots of sticks/chopsticks (two per scroll)
Kung Fu Panda Craft Activity: Getting Ready

The night before, prepare your ancient scroll paper by soaking the A4 paper in the tea for 30 minutes and then allow to dry. This will leave you with really authentic ‘ancient’ paper! This part is optional, of course. You will also need two sticks for the top and bottom of the scroll, chopsticks or paintbrushes will do, but real sticks look better!

What to Do in Class
Show the following clips to the students. This will set up the background of the film, how special the scroll is and make them ultra excited about making it! It will make them feel like their own scroll has an ‘aura of magic’!
First scene shown (05:05 - 07:30)
From when Shifu is playing the flute and the temple is first shown. This scene introduces some of the characters in the film and, more importantly, introdueces the fabled Dragon Scroll. It tells that the holder of the scroll will have limitless power and only the Dragon Warrior can hold it.
Second scene shown (18:55 – 25:50)
Po enters the Secret Hall of Warriors. The scene develops the feeling of magic and sorcery in your students. It shows Po checking out secret weapons and generally getting into mischief. The story of the Dragon Scroll is furthered and Po gets into trouble when first trying Kung Fu. The students will love this scene!
Third and final scene shown (1:00:00 – 1:03:52)
This scene shows Tai Lung, the evil snow leopard, defeating the other five warriors. The scene moves on to the temple where Po finally takes the Dragon Scroll. Master Shifu tells Po that the poem on the scroll holds the secret to limitless power and will help Po to defeat Tai Lung.
Important! Be sure stop the movie before the scroll is totally unravelled (just before Po gets the shock)! There is nothing on the scroll and your class won’t be as good if the students know this! 
Teaching tips
As with any movie lesson, try to watch the scenes of the movie well in advance. This will help you to get your mind ready for the class and you will feel far more comfortable teaching the lesson. 
With this particular lesson, don’t feel under pressure to make the special paper beforehand. It is a nice touch and the scrolls will look better, but it doesn’t enhance any language skills, so don’t get too worked up over doing it if you haven’t the time or materials.
Before you start making the scrolls, talk with the class what kind of things will be in the poem on the scroll. Write any student ideas on the board as they throw them at you. This part is crucial to give students some clear ideas on how to write their poems on the scroll. Don’t rush this part, even though the students will be eager to get started making the scroll. Stay in control of what goes on.
Make sure the students write the poem (or whatever they can write according to ability) first before attaching the sticks at the top and bottom. The students will be keen to construct the scroll first and then write the poem (kids are kids!), but it will be difficult to write on the paper after the sticks are attached! Kids usually aren’t that practical!!
There is no need to show the clips in 100% English (without the help of first language subtitles). Having first language subtitles aids their understanding and enjoyment of the movie. The main language aim of the class is the poem writing; the students will miss the ‘feeling’ of the class and the whole lesson won’t be as stimulating if you insist of doing everything in English! 

Lesson by Stuart Allen
Stuart Allen

Published in Movie lessons
Tuesday, 02 February 2016 12:12

ESL: Teaching Reading to Young Learners

Reading is 'dreaming with your eyes open'. Teaching reading to young learners activates their imagination and enables children to master intonation and word stress from a young age. Reading also passively teaches punctuation and grammar. These skills are very important in achieving near-native English skills.
Using Technology to Teach Reading

I teach reading to young learners aged 7-9 in my English corners. As a modern teacher, I use my iPad and free online fairy tale books from my (Chinese) App Store. I have found a variety of free interactive books from TabTale.
Before we start reading, we play a ball game to review what we read during the previous English Corner. This allows them to physically warm up (it's winter), and to get ready for an hour of English only. I do not have an assistant teacher in these reading English corner sessions, so a good warm-up activity is essential.
Interactive Fairytales: Repeated Listening

Once our heart rate is up and our lungs are filled with good laughs, it’s time to listen to a fairy tale. The fairy tales are interactive and during the first listening they enjoy moving the characters and copying their voices. (I encourage them to go crazy – I believe children learn best when they don’t feel boxed in)

The first listening is for them to make out what the story is about and for them to settle down from a hyped-up warmer. The second listening is often calmer, as they know which characters move and they are aware of what is going on. During this session they listen more intently to the words in the interactive story and the sounds of the reader.

New Words in the Story
Inevitably there are new words they learn with each fairy tale; we play an interactive counting game to practice the new words e.g. 1 Witch, 2 Huntsmen, 1 Huntsman, 2 witches.  an apple, 2 oranges. etc…
Our third and final listening/reading is easy on the ear for them because they know the full story and understand all the new words. I read to them and ensure I stress each syllable and repeat each word and ask them to repeat after me as I read along. This helps the young learners greatly with pronunciation and correct word stress. 

Get the Students Reading Themselves
We then activate “read to myself”. I pick my strongest student to read the first page while the others listen, fairy tales from TabTale are often 15 – 20 pages long. Because each page is interactive, the reader has exclusive “rights” to the iPad. We each take turns reading. I encourage silly eyes and faces while they are reading. This allows me to see which student understands the story and which one doesn’t; a handy tip for teachers teaching reading to young learners! 

Teaching Reading: Difficulties in Pronunciation

Difficulties in word pronunciation come up while reading and I encourage them to correct each other. I only step in when none of my students know how to say the word. Fairy tales usually have simple language but occasionally words such as “conscientious” pop up and I step in, but aside from that, I encourage the kids to help each other read.

Doing Puzzles After the Relay Reading
After relay reading, that is, the students assisting each other to read and teaching reading in repeated steps, we do a jigsaw puzzle of the characters from the fairy tale. Each student relays the part of the story the puzzle refers to. There are a few good jigsaw puzzle programs you can use to make your own jigsaw puzzles online.

Read Once More a Little Faster
After the puzzle, we read once again, this time at a slightly faster pace than before. They enjoy it because they try to reader faster, louder and better than I do. After our third reading, we do a colouring activity in which each student gets to color in their favourite book character and say why they like that character.

The Final 10 Minutes of the Reading Class
By now I have about 10 minutes to the end of the reading class and I ask a volunteer to read. I usually have a child who is ready to show off their reading skills. They read and everyone reads and repeats after them. Then, each student has a sentence each and we read the book from start to finish. 

Same format, different story
The beauty of using the same format for different fairy tales (it’s important to always have a different fairy tale for each session), is they become accustomed to what is expected of them and have fun whilst reading in the class. The first week can be chaotic, as most Chinese students are not used to reading a long fairy tale all at once and mastering it in an hour. I have found that after three weeks of using the same format but different fairy tales, you will start to notice just how much better your students read than when they started. Teaching reading to Young Learners is a wonderful way to improve a broad range of laguage skills and I would encourage all teachers to incorporate reading into their classes.

by Rene Elliott
"Reading for pleasure has been revealed as the most important indicator of the future success of a child (OECD, 2002), and improvements in literacy, at any point in life, can have a profound effect on an individual."
Stories provide authentic context for the presentation of language. Young learners are eager to identify with characters, predict the upcoming plots and visualize the stories. Follow the tips below your students will benefit a lot from reading lessons with storybooks.
Identify the right focused area for your students.
There are five areas in reading: phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary and text comprehension. Find out which area your students are supposed to focus on and select the relative readers.
Grade the reading level.
According to the popular system- Guided Reading Levels (GRL), developed by Fountas and Pinnell, storybook readers are graded from level A to Z with a variety of factors considered- book and print features, content, themes, language and literary features. It is essential to choose the right book based on the students’ actual reading ability.
Make full use of a variety of reading activities on each reading stage.
Every single element of the story reader could be of great value to achieve specific objectives. Take the front page as an example, the topic of the story, the theme picture, the characters could be introduced on the stage of Pre-reading. And prediction is an important strategy to be developed before the practice of some sub-skills. 
Achieve the teaching objectives of the development of reading sub-skills.
Reading for gist, reading for specific information and reading for details are three important reading sub-skills to be introduced. Teachers are supposed to be flexible task-setters and fun storytellers to make use of the readers. For instance, putting pictures in the right order, choosing the right topic for the story could be used as effective task for gist reading.
Provide a post-reading task.
Drawing mind maps, visualizing the story, rewriting the ending, anglicizing characters are some good examples for the follow-up reading activity. Encouraging the students to have their own reading response file and keep a habit of completing a reading log are also good ways to cultivate a continuous reading habit and motivation.
Using storybooks to clarify language or improve skills are incredible and effective, but it is more than that. A shared value immersion and mindset development are what I want to emphasize. Teaching reading at the language level is something what most language teachers can achieve. Is it possible if we all set a higher goal to enable our students to think critically, creatively and openly? 

by Sherbet Su

With three year's English teaching experience and one year's experience in English course book publication in China, Sherbet Su is capable of lesson planning and execution for multi-levels with considerable English methodological and linguistic knowledge. She was awarded Pass (Grade A) in Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults by Cambridge English Language Assessment in 2014. She has been working as a teacher trainer producing continuous didactic training workshops and initial trainings for ESL teachers.

Edmund V. Starrett (2007). Teaching Phonics for Balanced Reading. Corwin Press
Dugdale, G.and Clark C. (2008) Literacy changes lives: An advocacy resource London: National Literacy Trust.
Harry Potter and The Sorcerer's Stone was the first film in the epic Harry Potter Series. In the first first, Harry discovers he is a wizard and goes off to The Hogwart's School of Magic. At Hogwart's School, each new pupil goes through a greeting ceremony, The Sorting Hat Ceremony, where new students are sorted into houses. The Hogwart's students stay in their houses for the six years they are at Hogwart's. 

Want to teach this movie class to help classroom management and need the DVD? Click here

Kids love the Harry Potter films and you can use Harry Potter and The Sorerer's Stone in your own Young Learner ESL classes to help you with classroom management. By having your kids divided into houses, you can award points for winning language games, doing good work in class, raising hands, speaking English and helping others. Similarly, you can take away points for naughty behaviour, not listening, being boisterous, shouting too much, whatever. A student is far less inclined to behaving badly if he knows he'll lose points for a collective team.

Download the movie lesson plan for a more detailed look into how you can use Harry Potter to help your classroom management with children and how to get a really good vibe and routine in your English classes.

Written by Stuart Allen

Stuart Allen
Published in Movie lessons
Curious George is a hit family movie about the relationship between a little monkey and an explorer. You can use this ESL movie lesson when you are teaching young children different colours. There are four different English activities and a few of these are craft-based lessons to teach colours. Your kids will love watching clips of Curious George and they'll know their colours better after this class. Curious George is suitable for all ages.

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Activity One
- this activity is extremely simple and ideal for teachers who have a lot of classes and little preparation time. Get some flashcards with colours on one side and the word on the other. Play some flashcard games and teach your young learners to read the colour words. Afterwards, hand out the Curious George balloon colouring sheet and see if they can colour it correctly. The other sheet can be done for homework and your kids should colour it with their parents’ help.
Activity Two – before class, pop down to the supermarket and pick up a large bag of different coloured balloons; the more colours the better! Make sure that you have at least two balloons per student, as some are bound to go pop! Help your students to blow them up and tie a knot in them and ask students what colours they can see. Each student should have a turn and then choose a balloon they like. Kids finish the activity by drawing a Curious George face on the balloons with a board pen and taking it home to show their parents!
Activity Three – this one can be a bit messy, so make sure you put down lots of paper and warn parents not to let their kids wear their best clothes! You will need poster paper, poster paint and some paper plates. Mix up some poster paper and put some on the plates. Kids have to plop their hands and fingers into the paint to design their own artwork. Maybe show Clip Three again or make one before class to give them ideas. This activity can be messy and is best with smaller classes. Get a helper if possible! Great fun for the kids!!
Activity Four – after your students are quite comfortable and confident with identifying lots of colours, it will be time for a game! Divide your students into two teams and put a row of chairs across your classroom to form a volleyball net. Spread each team to cover the space on each side of the ‘net’. Blow up a balloon to use as a ball. Students need to hit the balloon to each other over the net. However, before they hit the balloon over, they must say a colour. This is a high-energy game and a great way to re-enforce vocabulary.  

Lesson written by Stuart Allen
Stuart Allen
Published in Movie lessons
Teaching animals to Young Learners? Then this movie lesson plan for animals is right up your street! Use Barnyard to teach animals to your kids in English class.

Whether you are a TEFL teacher or a pre-school teacher in your home country, you're going to need to teach animals, the farm or the zoo at some point. Rather than just the same old Old McDonald song, why not give this excellent animals at the farm lesson plan and card game a try? Perfect for teaching young learners all the animals you can find on the farm.

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What to Do in Class

1. Print and cut out animal cards. Fold the prints lengthways so that the animal picture is showing one way and on the reverse is the Barnyard logo. Print out one set of cards per group of students (maximum of 4 to a group).
2. Laminate each individual card. You should have 20 Barnyard animal cards. Lamainting the cards will keep them in good condition from grubby paws and allow you or colleagues to use the cards for future animal/farmyard lessons.
3. Have each group of children sit on the floor in a small circle. Give each set of laminated cards to each group and shuffle well.
4. Students should lay the spread out the cards face down on the floor with the Barnyard logo facing upwards.
5. In a clockwise direction, children should take turns in trying to find pairs of animals. After two cards have been turned over, if they do not match, the cards are turned face down again and it is the next child’s turn.
6. When a pair is found, the student must call over the teacher and tell the teacher the name of the animal. If they are correct, the child can keep the pair. Teacher should be on-hand to lend support and help for students who can’t remember the animal names.
7. Eventually, there will be no more cards left. The student with the most pairs at the end is the winner.

Animal cards: Cat, Coyote, Chick, Bull, Cow, Dog, Donkey, Gopher, Hen, Horse, Farmer, Mouse, Kangeroo, Pig, Rabbit, Rat, Rooster, Sheep, Turkey, Barn 
ESL Activity 2 – Jigsaw Puzzle
1. Print out one of the following pictures in full-page colour per pair of students.
2. Print out one accompanying jigsaw template per pair of students.
3. Using a glue stick (dry glue is best), stick the jigsaw template back-to-back with the full-colour printout.
4. With scissors, cut-out each jigsaw piece and laminate.
Give one puzzle to each pair of students. Students must put the puzzle together to form the Barnyard picture. 
5. When students have finished, they should tell the teacher which animals they can see in the pcture.
Additional follow-up teaching activity ideas
“Old MacDonald had a Farm” song
Animal Flashcard activities
Animal mime games
Children draw and colour their favourite animal
Children go into small groups to make their own farm on large poster paper. Groups then show their farm to the class and their parents and display on the classroom wall.

Written by Stuart Allen
Stuart Allen
Published in Movie lessons
Atlantis....the lost empire! The hundreds of years, this mythical kingdom has captured the imagination of both children and adults alike. In this ESL movie lesson, you'll be using parts of the Disney film Atlantis: The Lost Empire to create a fun platfrom for your students to do some creative writing. 

In the film, the hero finds a hidden map with a secret code on it. If he can decipher the code, then he can find Atlantis. Your kids will be making an Atlantis-style hidden map using the code in the Atlantis ESL movie lesson plan. They'll be practicing the alphabet and spelling skills. Perfect for a special craft activity in your school. Awesome fun for children learning English!

You can rent or buy Atlantis: The Lost Empire direct from Amazon right here if you need. You'll be helping us out as well!

What to Do in Class
After introducing the topic and playing parts of the DVD (clips detailed at the bottom of this plan), it is time to get on with your class activity.
The activity is for the students to make an ancient map showing the way to the treasure buried under Atlantis – which child wouldn’t get excited about that?!
The difference about this map is that it is written in the old Atlantis language, so groups of children will need the Key of Language (in the lesson plan PDF below) to complete their maps!
Making the Map Paper 
This part is entirely optional! You can do this on standard white A4 if you lack time or materials, but with just a little bit of preparation, you can make really authentic map paper!
The night before class, soak your white A4 in strong tea and leave for 30 minutes. Carefully take out the paper and leave to dry. When it’s dry, screw the paper up into a ball to form creases, straighten it out and carefully burn the edges with a cigarette lighter. Two points I would like to make here – first, don’t burn too much otherwise you’ll have to start again from scratch and secondly, burn the paper outside in an open area. Setting fire to your home, your school, or yourself is definitely not cool!
Drawing the map in class 
This is where the kids can be really creative. They get to choose the shape of Atlantis and the features that Atlantis has!
Before drawing, perhaps you could pre-teach them several things which Atlantis might have i.e. waterfall, cave, river, monsters, mountains, forest, dragon, treasure…you are only limited by your imagination! Remember that any features that the kids want to label on the map must be written in Atlantis words. For this, each group of students will need a Key of Language to decipher the code.
Alternative Activities
Before class, get a giant A3 or A2 piece of paper and make your own ‘ancient’ map at home. Draw and label lots of fantasy places on your map, for example, Skull Mountain, Ghost River, etc. Label it in Atlantis language! 
Bring the map to school and tell them that there is hidden treasure somewhere on the map which the kids need to find. Hand out some directions to find the treasure in Atlantis language and the kids have to translate it into English to locate the treasure.
This is perfect when teaching directions or prepositions of place! This is also a good activity for students just getting into using full sentences, where their spelling and word order might be a problem. 

Lesson written by Stuart Allen

Stuart Allen
Published in Movie lessons
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